Laboratory studies on rats indicate extracts of the plant improve memory capacity.1 Recent studies suggest Bacopa Monnieri may improve intellectual activity.2-4 For example, in an Australian study of healthy adults, the group that took Bacopa had a 13% improvement in learning and memory rates compared to the placebo group.2
In some trials, active compounds of Bacopa Monnieri did not restore or enhance memory formation, but improved retention.5-6 However, in a randomized clinical trial of healthy adults over age 55, significantly improved memory acquisition and retention.7
Animal studies have found Bacopa has constituents that enhance aspects of mental function and learning ability.8,10 A controlled study found a syrup containing an extract of dried Bacopa herb given to children improved several measures of mental performance.11
In another experiment, trained rodents given Bacopa were able to run a maze correctly more often than those receiving a placebo in both the long and short-term tests.12
In a four week study, 35 patients were assessed for clinical anxiety levels, maladjustment levels, mental fatigue rate, and immediate memory span. The patients who took Bacopa had a 20% reduction in anxiety levels, less mental fatigue than before treatment, and their immediate memory-span scores were increased. Bacopa improved memory and productivity by reducing anxiety and related problems.13
In the central nervous system, Acetylcholine aids the enhancement of sensory perceptions when we awake14 and in maintaining attention.15
In addition to its effects on brain neurotransmitters, Bacopa has antioxidant effects that may account, at least in part, for its cognitive enhancing functions.16
Each serving of Elebra contains 100mg of Bacopa Monnieri, and is manufactured in the USA at a cGMP facility that has an "A" rating (the highest possible) from the National Nutritional Foods Association. We stand behind our product and will gladly refund your money if you are not satisfied for any reason.
1. Morgan A, Stevens J"Does Bacopa monnieri improve memory performance in older persons? Results of a
randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial." J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Jul;16(7):753-9
2. C. Stough, J. Lloyd, J. Clarke, L. Downey, C. Hutchison, T. Rodgers, P. Nathan (2001). "The chronic effects of
an extract of Bacopa monniera (Brahmi) on cognitive function in healthy human subjects".
(Berl) 156 (4): 481–4. doi:10.1007/s002130100815. PMID 11498727
3. S. Roodenrys, D. Booth, S. Bulzomi, A. Phipps, C. Micallef, J. Smoker (2002). "Chronic effects of Brahmi
(Bacopa monnieri) on human memory". Neuropsychopharmacology (Wollongong) 27 (2): 279–81.
doi:10.1016/S0893-133X(01)00419-5. PMID 12093601
4. Stough C, Downey LA, Lloyd J et al. (2008). "Examining the nootropic effects of a special extract of Bacopa
Monniera on human cognitive functioning: 90 day double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial." Phytother
5. Roodenrys, Steven Ph.D. et al. (2002). "Chronic Effects of Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri) on Human Memory".
Neuropsychopharmacology 27 (2): 279–281. doi:10.1016/S0893-133X(01)00419-5. PMID 12093601
6. Nathan, PJ et al. (2004). "Effects of a combined extract of Ginkgo biloba and Bacopa monniera on cognitive
function in healthy humans". Hum. Psychopharmacol. 19 (2): 91–96. doi:10.1002/hup.544. PMID 14994318
7. Morgan A, Stevens J "Does Bacopa monnieri improve memory performance in older persons? Results of a
randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial" Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine - New
York 2010 Jul;16(7):753-9.
8. Singh HK, Dhawan BN. Neuropsychopharmacological effects of the Ayurvedic nootropic Bacopa monniera
Linn. (Brahmi). Indian J Pharmacol 1997;29:S359–S365.
9. Singh HK, Rastogi RP, Srimal RC, Dhawan BN. Effect of bacosides A and B on avoidance responses in
rats. Phytother Res 1988;2:70–5.
10. Singh HK, Dhawan BN. Effect of Bacopa monniera Linn. (brahmi) extract on avoidance responses in rat. J
11. Sharma R, Chaturvedi C, Tewari PV. Efficacy of Bacopa monniera in revitalizing intellectual functions in
children. J Res Edu Ind Med 1987:1:12.
12. Bhattacharya SK, Bhattacharya A, Kumar A, Ghosal S. Antioxidant activity of Bacopa monniera in rat frontal
cortex, striatum and hippocampus. Phytother Res. 2000 May; 14(3): 174-9.
13. Singh RH, Singh L. Studies on the anti-anxiety effect of the medyha rasayana drug, Brahmi (Bacopa monniera
Wettst). Part 1.J Res Ayur Siddha 1980;1:133-48.
14. Woolf, NJ; Butcher, LL (1989). "Cholinergic systems in the rat brain: IV. Descending projections of the
pontomesencephalic tegmentum". Brain research bulletin 23 (6): 519–40. doi:10.1016/0361-9230(89)90197-4.
15. Haj-Dahmane, S; Andrade, R (1996). "Muscarinic activation of a voltage-dependent cation nonselective
current in rat association cortex". Journal of Neuroscience 16 (12): 3848–61. PMID 8656279
16. Tripathi YB, Chaurasia S, Tripathi E, Upadhyay A, Dubey GP. Bacopa monniera linn. As an antioxidant:
Mechanism of action. Indian J Exp Biol. 1996;34:523-526.